These bullet points from the infographic (below) are for screen readers and search agents
More seniors – The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that between 2000 and 2050, the proportion of the world’s population over 60 years will double from about 11% to 22%. Life over 60 doesn’t mean that positive lifestyle and outlook changes can’t be made.
- 400 million – By 2050, the world will have almost 400 million people aged 80 years or older.
- 80% – By 2050, 80% of older peole will live in low- and middle-income countries.
- Help needed – The number of older people who are no longer able to look after themselves in developing countries is forecast to quadruple by 2050.
- The main health burdens of older people are from non-communicable diseases.
- WHO maintains that all health providers should be trained on ageing issues.
- Creating “age-friendly” physical and social environments can have a big impact on improving the active participation and independence of older people.
- The risk of premature death decreases by 50% if someone gives up smoking between 60 and 75 years of age.
Keys to living a long, healthy life
While physiological changes that occur with age may prevent life in your 70s, 80s and beyond from being what it was, there are things you can do to improve your health and longevity.
- Reduce stress
- Get enough restorative sleep (usually 7-9 hours)
- Practice good hygiene
- Eat a balanced diet
- Don’t smoke
- Exercise. Stay as mentally and physically active as possible
- Maintain a positive outlook
- Take safety precautions
- See your health care provider regularly
Tufts University, a private research university located near Boston, modified the well known food pyramid for those over 70, because “adults over the age of 70 have unique dietary needs.”
- Sugar, Salt, and Saturated & Trans Fat: use sparingly
- Supplements: Not all people need extra calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin B12, so check with your health provider.
- Low and nonfat Dairy products: 3 or more servings
- DY Beans, nuts, fish, pointry, lean meat, eggs: 2 or more servings
- Bright-colored vegetables: 3 or more servings
- Deep-colored fruit: 2 or more servings
- Whole, enriched and fortified grains & cereals: 3 or more servings
- Water/Liquids: 8 or more servings
- (but keep serving sizes small)
In old age, change is inevitable
Here are tips to help deal with difficult changes:
- Appreciate and enjoy life.
- Embrace your spirituality.
- Express your feelings. Talk to a friend, family member or doctor.
- Accept that some things are out of your control
- Try to keep your sense of humor.
Infographic contributed by Home Care Plus (Dublin, Ireland)