Innovation for WW Health (Bill & Melinda Gates)

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Gates Foundation

Tech Innovation for Worldwide Health

The Gates Foundation is predicted to save the lives of 7.6 million children under 5 from 2010-2019[8] And has already saved:[9]

  • 3.4 million from Hepatitis B
  • 1.2 million from Measles
  • 560 thousand from HIB Bacteria
  • 474 thousand from whooping cough
  • 140 thousand from yellow fever
  • 30 thousand from Polio
  • and 8 thousand from pneumonia

Bill Gates is part of the Giving Pledge, in which billionaires pledge to give away half of their net worth to philanthropic causes[10]. The Gates Foundation pushes “agile” and “accelerated” grants. A two page application can equal $100,000 in funding (renewable twice a year).

Follow up grants up to $1 million. Grants solving our most basic problems: [1][# grants by continent, mapping out would probably work.]

  • North America: 66 grants
  • South America: 4 grants
  • Europe: 28 grants
  • Africa: 20 grants
  • Asia: 14 grants
  • Oceania: 7 grants

Since 2008, there have been some amazing success stories
Including: [2]

  • Low Cost Priority Global Health Phone Apps
  • New Approaches to Cure HIV
  • Develop the Next Generation of Condom
  • Aid is working. Tell the World.
  • Create next generation sanitation technologies

The condom of the future
Problem:Condoms unpleasurable to use and of flawed designs increase unwanted pregnancy and disease around the world.
Nearly half the yearly pregnancies in the U.S. are unplanned. Overwhelmingly lower income parents.[4]

Goal:A pleasurable, easy to use, and stronger condom.[3] Current Solutions:

  • 1.) The “rapidom”
    • –tightens during intercourse
    • –one size fits all
    • –donned in one smooth motion
  • 2.) The “wrapping condom”
    • –wraps and clings rather than squeezing
  • 3.) Superelastomer condoms
    • –softer, cheaper, less easily deformed or broken.
  • 4.) Graphene condom
    • –use world’s thinnest, strongest, and mots conductive carbon.
  • 5.) STD killing condom
    • –one size fits all
    • –heat activated to release drugs killing STD’s

Toilets For the Third World
Problem: 2.5 billion in developing countries practice open defecation or use unsafe pits.

  • For women: A source of dignity, privacy, safety.
    • –Lack of covered bathrooms keep the developing world’s girls away from school.
  • For Children:
    • 1.6 million children die each year from diarrheal disease [6] Goal: Sustainable sanitation services for those without centralized sanitation.

Including:
Low cost, long lasting, backup mechanism for failure, minimal water, energy and space requirements, aesthetically pleasing, appealing across cultural contexts.
Current Solutions:[7]

  • 1.) RTI International: $1.3 million grant disinfects liquid waste, and turns solid waste into fuel or electricity.
  • 2.) Cranfield University: $810,000 grant removes water from human waste, vaporizes it–>condensed water can be used for washing or irrigation. Solids are turned into fuel that can be used as fertilizer.
  • 3.) CU Boulder: $780,000 grant concentrates sunlight to disinfect waste. Turns waste into bio-charcoal that can be used as fertilizer or wood charcoal replacements. Mobile Field Refrigerators for MedicineProblem: Vaccines needing refrigeration go bad in locations without power.Goal: Find a sustainable vaccine cooling method for regions without power.

current Solutions:

  • True Energy: $100,000 grant
  • Sure Chill Fridge: Can stay at 4 degrees Celsius for 10 days with no power[13] Uses solar in the day to preserve temperature at night.

Public Health Phone Apps
Problem: Under-utilization of common internet ready cell coverage for public health causes.
Goal:Innovation in using developing world mobile networks for public health.
Current Solutions:[14]

  • Mobile Vision
    • Testing 2 apps prompting healthcare workers to check on pregnant women and newborn children at critical junctures.
  • VaxTrac
    • Field testing a fingerprint tracking app that prevents vaccination redundancies.

Injection Free Vaccines[11]
Problem:

  • Vaccine refrigeration
  • Transportation
  • Needle and Syringe contamination

Goal: Increase vaccine use and ease of use.
Current Solutions:[11]

  • King’s College London
    • Microneedle array made of dried sugar dissolves into skin with vaccine. Can be kept at room temperature.

Innovation is profitable, and will probably save your life.

Citations:

  1. http://www.grandchallenges.org/Pages/GrantsMap.aspx
  2. http://www.grandchallenges.org/Explorations/Pages/AllTopics.aspx
  3. http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/health/better-condom-designs-awarded-100k-gates-foundation-article-1.1525204
  4. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/09/11/unintended-pregnancy-_n_3906668.html
  5. http://www.slate.com/blogs/xx_factor/2013/22/bill_melinda_gates_foundation_unveils_11_prototypes_for_a_better_feeling.html
  6. http://www.grandchallenges.org/Explorations/Topics/WaterSanitation/Pages/Round6.aspx
  7. http://www.gatesfoundation.org/media-center/press-releases/2012/08/bill-gates-names-winners-of-the-reinvent-the-toilet-challenge
  8. http://www.escapistmagazine.com/news/view/97893-Bill-Gates-Will-Save-7-5-Million-Kids-This-Decade
  9. http://www.fastcodesign.com/1665854/infographic-of-the-day-bill-gates-is-a-better-superhero-than-batman
  10. http://givingpledge.org/faq.aspx
  11. http://www.theverge.com/2013/2/8/3966856/microneedle-array-dried-sugar-vaccine-could-reduce-costs
  12. http://intellectualventureslab.com/wp-content/uploads/media/2012/06/P7_Closed-Stack-MG_5693_web.jpg
  13. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-north-west-wales-21784159
  14. http://www.gatesfoundation.org/Media-Center/Press-Releases/2010/11/Foundation-Funds-65-Ideas-to-Improve-Global-Health