How Light from Electronics Effects Sleep

While the warm orange glow of a campfire promotes good sleep, the cool bluish light of a tablet or PC inhibit good sleep.

If you’re having trouble sleeping, it may be your electronics.

As I wrote in How Light effects Melatonin and Sleep, the hormone melatonin helps regulate our sleep & wake cycles (the circadian clock). Production of this hormone is triggered by darkness and inhibited by light, and that helps explain why we have trouble with jet lag, shift work, and winter months with fewer daylight hours. But it’s not just the availability or intensity of light; it’s also the color temperature, and it’s been that way for thousands of years.

We’re genetically programmed to get sleepy at dark and wake in the light of day, but man’s DNA has not evolved as fast as electricity or electronics. The flickering flame of a campfire, with its warm orange glow, plays a role in getting our bodies ready for sleep, as does the bright morning sunlight that helps us wake up. So it’s not surprising that the cool blue light of a television, PC, or tablet does the same thing.

The Amount of Light Reaching the Eye Depends on Screen Size and DistanceScreen size and distance also plays a role. As shown in the illustration, much less of the light from a 27″ TV across the room contacts the retina than the same TV placed closer, or a much larger TV at the same distance. Because of the wider viewing angle, even a notebook or tablet PC with a much smaller screen can flood the eyes with more light because it’s much closer, and that’s why viewing electronics before bed is a bad idea.

You can minimize the negative effects of the bluish light by simply turning down the brightness or changing the system settings so this happens automatically. My wife’s iPad-2 has a built-in camera, for example, so it can automatically adjust brightness to match the ambient room lighting, maximizing brightness in sunlight or minimizing it at night. My older iPad, on the other hand, has no camera or way to know if the room is bright or dark, so that feature doesn’t work on my iPad. I have to manually turn down the brightness, which I always do at night.

An even better solution would be if electronics also had the ability to adjust color temperature — giving the overall screen a more orange hue at night instead of bright white or blue. I looked for an iPhone or iPad app that does this, but none did it well. One new app, however, does show promise. It’s called f.lux, and I just started using the free Windows version, which seems to work quite well. They also have versions for Mac, Linux, and iPhone/iPad, but I can’t recommend the iPhone/iPad version since it requires a modification to the operating system, a risky process called Jail Breaking that adds complexity and voids the warranty. Still, the existence of f.lux shows that adjusting color temperature is technically possible, and I encourage Apple to add that feature in future versions of the operating system.

For More Information on Sleep & Health

Besides the many articles about Sleep here, I highly recommend the consumer education program at Harvard Medical School, which is available in the three links below and includes videos about Why Sleep Matters, The Science of Sleep, Getting the Sleep You Need, and Shaq on Sleep Apnea.

Go to Harvard Medical School's Healthy Sleep websiteHealthy Sleep: Understanding the third of our lives we so often take for granted The first module has information on the importance of sleep, the science of sleep, and how to get healthy sleep. Go to Harvard Medical School's Get Sleep website.Get Sleep: Steps you can take to get good sleep and improve health, work, and life. The second module helps you understand why we often don’t get the sleep we need and what you can do about it. Go to Harvard Medical School's Sleep Disorders website.Apnea: Understanding and Treating Adult Sleep Apnea. The third module aims to help you understand the symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea, and what diagnostic and treatment options are available.

5 Responses to “How Light from Electronics Effects Sleep”

  • Great talking with you today, Wayne!

    You’ll definitely want to see my talk “Color, Consciousness & Healing: The Healing Effects of Color, Light Frequencies & Art” where you’ll learn more about the simple science of why blue light from our ipads, tv’s etc, disrupts our sleep patterns through reduced melatonin production. You’ll also learn about the subsequent long-term negative health impacts of low melatonin levels. These are all problems that are easy to avoid with the right information.

    See my youtube channel for the video of my talk: http://www.youtube.com/leannevenier

    Best,

    Leanne

    Artworks Website: http://www.leannevenier.com
    Add Leanne as a Friend on FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/leannevenier

  • Here’s a YouTube video review of F.lux. It requires jail breaking the Apple iOS operating system, which voids the warranty, but I’m hopeful that iOS 7 will resolve that (fingers-crossed), and I’ll write about it if that happens.

    Also, in this article, Arianna Huffington Implores You: Stop Taking Bright Devices Into the Bedroom. That may change if iOS 7 supports F.lux.

  • […] Sleepy Yet? — How Light from Electronics Effects Sleep […]

  • […] This Wikipedia article describes light therapy and melatonin supplements as treatment for sleep disorders like insomnia. It also describes the light color temperature, from the warm yellow of incandescent light bulbs, to blue light of the new fluorescent and LED bulbs, or the bluish tint of the iPad and TV screens. (See Sleepy Yet? — How Light from Electronics Effects Sleep. […]

  • […] Remove all electronics: Get in the habit of associating your bedroom with sleep and not watching TV, playing video games, checking social media, or reading. These devices, including your phone, can engage you in non-restful activities; making it more difficult to fall asleep. Also according to this research, participants, who removed electronic devices from their bedroom, received an extra hour of sleep every night. That can make the difference between being tired all day and awake and productive. [See How Light from Electronics Effects Sleep.] […]

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